Immobilization prevents further wrist motion that aggravates the compression of the median nerve.
Braces or splints should be worn during activity and at night to reduce symptoms and prevent the accidental flexion of the joint during sleeping.
Corticosteroid injections are administered on the wrist to provide temporary relief from pain. Corticosteroid injections are only administered until other treatment regimens are available such as surgery. Corticosteroid injections also serve as a diagnostic procedure for CTS. The reduction of pain after the corticosteroid injection indicates compression of the median nerve on the area.
The administration of vitamin B12 supplements also help in the reduction of carpal tunnel syndrome symptoms. Vitamin B12 helps in the firing of nerve impulse transmission and prevention of peripheral neuropathies.
Surgery is the single treatment that provides permanent relief from carpal tunnel syndrome. Surgery involves the release of the median nerve from the carpal tunnel known as the carpal tunnel release surgery. The procedure involves dividing the transverse carpal ligament into two in order to release pressure on the median nerve. This procedure is done in an out-patient basis and employs incision on the wrist in order to access the carpal ligament. After the surgery, physiotherapy is employed to allow the wrist to return to its normal range of motion and functioning. Carpal tunnel syndrome has generally good prognosis after treatment. The employment of conservative managements as well as surgery prevents permanent nerve damage.